1. What is serum?
In cosmetics, serum is the concept of products in the form of serums/essences. Serums often have a liquid or gel texture containing micro-sized nutrients that are able to penetrate the skin layers, improving skin problems. Serum products on the market today are divided into 2 types: oil-based and water-based.
2. What effect does the serum have on the face?
Serums are designed to specifically treat skin problems, so depending on the ingredients and the purpose of use, the serum has many different uses. However, by popularity, serums usually have 6 main uses:
– Against aging
– Whiten skin
– Acne treatment
– Restoration of skin
– Exfoliate dead skin
3. The main ingredients in the serum
Because serums have so many uses, depending on the product, the manufacturer will put in the serum different ingredients and minerals. Here are the active ingredients with a high level of popularity, often used when making serums and are safe for the skin:
3.1. Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic Acid Serum, also known as HA serum, is commonly referred to as intensive skin care products with the main ingredient being Hyaluronic Acid – a high moisturizing agent, creating softness and moisture for the skin.
Hyaluronic acid is inherently a substance produced naturally in the body, especially the skin, but with age, HA gradually decreases and needs to be supplemented from the outside through cosmetics.
Niacinamide is a derivative of vitamin B3 – is considered to have many uses for the skin such as treating acne, whitening, anti-aging… Because it has the ability to treat many skin problems without causing irritation. Niacinamide is very “favored” used in the cosmetic industry in general and serum in particular.
When it comes to specialized products for aging and sagging skin, it is indispensable for a serum with a derivative of Vitamin A, also known as Retinol . In recent years, retinol has been used by women as a “panacea” for anti-aging, wrinkles and acne treatment. However, serums containing Retinol cannot be used arbitrarily, especially for sensitive or easily irritated skin.
3.4 Vitamin C
Vitamin C Serum is a derivative of vitamin C that promotes collagen production, prevents aging and brightens the skin. In addition, serums containing Vitamin C also have the ability to fade brown spots and dark spots on the skin.
4. How to use serum effectively
For the serum to work its best, you need to use this product correctly. Here are the steps to use the serum correctly and safely for the skin:
Step 1: Clean the skin with makeup remover and cleanser and then pat dry.
Step 2: Use cotton or hands to pat toner on the back to get enough toner and evenly on the skin.
Step 3: Take a sufficient amount of serum, apply evenly and massage all over the face for the serum to penetrate deeply and promote its effects.
Step 4: Let the serum absorb into the skin for a few minutes, continue to use moisturizer.
Step 5: Use sunscreen to protect the skin (this step is only done during the day).
5. What is the difference between serum and toner?
Many people often confuse toner and serum in their skincare routine, but these are two independent care steps. Each product has a different role for the skin and can support each other to work.
First, the toner will have a deep cleansing effect in the pores, removing excess oil and makeup residues that cleansers cannot “treat”. After that, the toner will balance the skin, helping the skin to be in a state that can absorb maximum nutrients.
With serum, after the skin is cleansed and balanced, the serum will promote its special treatment ability, penetrate deep into the skin, solving outstanding problems of the skin such as: lack of moisture, aging, uneven color ,… Therefore, in your skin care routine, you should combine these two products together, to own the most perfect skin.